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访谈 导演张侨勇:“多元化不应仅仅关乎黑人/白人,还应关乎包容更多不同文化、性别和背景“

来源:贴心姐妹网   更新:2017-02-26 10:54:13   作者:施雅芳
访谈 导演张侨勇:“多元化不应仅仅关乎黑人/白人,还应关乎包容更多不同文化、性别和背景“

 

图/贴心姐妹网资料照片(张侨勇提供)     加拿大导演张侨勇的纪录片《千锤百炼》获得2012年台湾金马奖最佳纪录片奖。

"Gatekeeper" Trailer a film by Yung Chang from EyeSteelFilm on Vimeo.

编者按: 身为美国电影艺术与科学学院纪录片部成员,加拿大导演张侨勇和李安等总共25位电影艺术与科学学院亚裔成员去年发表公开信,抗议奥斯卡授奖仪式上歧视亚裔的言论。以下是贴心姐妹网对导演张侨勇(Yung Chang)进行的书面专访:


Loving Sister: What do you think the Academy should do to address the issue of diversity in order to avoid the same mistakes in the future?


Yung Chang: The Asian members of the Academy are currently in the process of presenting concrete ideas as to how the Academy can use its sway to help increase diversity. A meeting is scheduled with the Academy in the coming week. Take a look at Marcus Hu’s letter to Indiewire: http://www.indiewire.com/article/marcus-hu-open-letter-oscars-academy-diversity-20160316 


I can’t go into too many details right now but after our sit-down with Dawn Hudson, I think we’ll have a better idea of what can be done by the Academy. Certainly, the Academy has already taken active measures before the awards broadcast to attempt to address diversity in the Academy but the racist jokes at the ceremony seemed to be a sideswipe against the Academy’s positive pursuit for change. It only seemed to highlight the inherent problems within the industry, namely, that Hollywood’s whiteness/ignorance is a systemic problem. If we want to affect change in Hollywood then the industry must adopt a policy, an active and aggressive policy, of inclusion. That means hiring people of color and from diverse backgrounds not just in front but behind the camera from the bottom to the top of the industry. When the executives and the head honchos start initiating and governing a widespread push then will we begin to see a more inclusive Hollywood and Academy Awards. 


Loving Sister: How would you like to compare the current status in terms of diversity in film industry in Canada and USA? In terms of diversity, what can the industry in USA learn from the experiences of the industry in Canada if there are any? What lessons the film industry in Canada can learn from the industry in USA if there are any?


Yung Chang: Complicated question. Firstly, I think Canada distinguishes itself from USA as a multi-cultural society as opposed to a melting pot. As a result, there’s an immediate assumption, on my part, that Canada is more attune to diversity issues. But I don’t know the hard numbers. I’d be interested in a statistical breakdown similar to what USC did recently: https://t.co/YHDPDGOKlY. Can you shed some light on this? (Please see the attached links below--by the author of this interview) If you take a look at this year’s Screenies, we didn’t fair too badly, I suppose. 2 persons of visible minority background in the best supporting actor and 1 female minority in the best supporting actress category. Better than nothing. Canada and USA are very different film industries. Of course, we’re a much smaller industry and rely on government support. But generally, speaking from personal experience, I’ve benefitted immensely from programmes initiated by the National Film Board of Canada back when I was trying to get my start. I was supported by minority internships and diversity mandates from back in the early aughts. Not sure if the USA had any organizations that were doing this, certainly in Hollywood. Let’s remember that they don’t even have a National Film Board nor a Canada Council for the Arts. I think I’ve been able to get my foot in the door because this awareness. I couldn’t imagine the extra struggle I would have faced in the dog-eat-dog mentality in the USA. Hopefully things will change for the better. And also diversity won’t only be focused on the black/white hegemony and will be more inclusive to other cultures, gender and backgrounds. 


Related links:


Roundtable on Cultural Diversity in the Toronto Screen Media Production Industry


Film and TV industries in Canada lacking in gender and ethnic diversity


Ethnic diversity in Canadian film and television production


Because it's 2016: the Canadian film industry's gender gap


Representations of Diversity in Canadian Television Entertainment Programming: Case"Studies


Reflecting Canadians: Best Practices for Cultutal Diversity in Private Television


Cultural Diversity in Canada


Canada's Cultral Polices


Offering cultural diversity on TV and radio


The Oscars Are Getting Better, But Still Lack People Of Colour, Women Nominees


李安张侨勇等25人抗议奥斯卡歧视亚裔言论 主办方道歉不被接受最终决定和抗议者会面


“我们失去了和大自然的联系,失去了和多元水果的联系”

—— 专访纪录片《水果猎人》导演张侨勇

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